Sunday, 8 April 2018

African Engineers: Town and Country

Innovation move extends in country areas must have distinctive points and destinations from those set up in urban focuses. This was found out from the involvement in Ghana of the Technology Consultancy Center (TCC) of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, in working the initial two Intermediate Technology Transfer Units (ITU) situated in Suame Magazine, Kumasi, and in the capital of the Northern Region, Tamale.

At the point when the TCC opened the primary ITTU amidst Ghana's biggest casual modern region, Suame Magazine, in 1980, it constructs its approach in light of over 9 years experience of working with the urban craftsmen of Kumasi. An overview led in 1971 had demonstrated that in excess of 60 percent of the workshops in Suame Magazine were occupied with an action identified with the repair of engine vehicles. The vast majority of this work was embraced utilizing hand apparatuses yet the interest for more refined repairs had prompted the presentation of electric welding sets and a couple of focus machines.

A few craftsmen looked to widen their scope of exercises by presenting the make of items available to be purchased in neighborhood markets. These were generally connected with the work on engine vehicles and included hand-pulled advertise trolleys with four old auto haggles wooden bodies for trotros (traveler transport vehicles) and cocoa trucks, based on old truck chassis. Different items incorporated ranchers' cutlasses produced using the old band saw cutting edges from nearby timber sawmills and charcoal stoves welded from the sheet steel of old auto bodies. So when the ITTU came to Suame Magazine it focussed on broadening this pattern by advancing the fabricate of all the more new items and acquainting the machines and abilities with help this exertion.

Tamale, 400 kilometers north of Kumasi, is Ghana's third biggest city however in the mid-1980s it was just about a fourth of the extent of Kumasi. At the point when the ITU wound up dynamic in Tamale in 1985, it discovered it was working in an essentially unique mechanical setting from its herald in Suame Magazine. The circumstance in Tamale was more rustic than urban. Indeed, even the vehicle repair capacity was simple, and any vehicle requiring more than the most premise consideration was sent south to Kumasi. So as opposed to presenting the make of new items to private designing workshops the ITTU wound up giving essential auto-motor repair offices, for example, crankshaft regrinding and barrel reboring.

Another zone of stamped contrast was in carpentry. In Kumasi, all carpentry generation was attempted in private workshops and the ITU carpentry segment was locked in for the most part in creating designs for the foundry. In Tamale, be that as it may, private carpentry workshops did not have everything except simple offices and were not prepared to address the gear needs of rustic specialty enterprises. At the point when the Tamale ITU began to show beekeeping, cotton turning, and broadloom weaving and started to prepare beekeepers, spinners, and weavers, it got itself overpowered with orders for apiaries, cotton turning haggles looms. It was compelled to grow the limit of its carpentry shop to supply the requests of government and NGO-subsidized undertakings and additionally private organizations.

The ITU had been imagined in Kumasi as a component for advancing innovation exchange by methods for consultancy, show and giving higher aptitudes preparing to craftsmen as of now having essential abilities. Exhibition frequently included some pilot generation however in Suame fruitful new items were soon taken up by private workshops. In Tamale, in any case, for quite a long while it was vital for the ITU to mount a genuine creation program while it prepared building experts to make seat saws, wood-turning machines, and planing machines and showed neighborhood craftsmen to utilize them. At exactly that point could the creation of bee sanctuaries, turning haggles looms be exchanged to private carpentry shops.

The principal administrator of the Tamale ITTU, USAID Technical Advisor Frank Robertson, used to portray the Tamale ITTU as 'the finest building workshop north of the Volta River.' The general population of Tamale and the Northern Region saw it a similar way. They got their requests for corn factories, cassava handling gear for making gari and, later, machines for extricating shea spread. It was quite a while before nearby private designing undertakings could be prepared and prepared to assume control over this creation.

It was a noteworthy advance forward to take the ITTU 400 kilometers north to Tamale however it spoke to in excess of one stage back regarding the level of exchange of innovation. However, for quite a while, the Tamale ITTU was broadly acclaimed as serving an incredible need in advancing the improvement of grassroots businesses in the Northern Region. Those most personally included were vindicated in their conviction that the ITU idea was adequately adaptable to serve the requirements of both urban and country groups.

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